The Art and Science of Tree Pruning In order to effectively learn how to prune a fruit tree, it is important to understand first how to grow a fruit tree. One of the basic things you should know about your tree and its fruit is that it is composed of two parts. Most fruit trees that you will see are grafted. It is common to find fruit trees having their top part taken from a good fruit bearing tree, while the lower part with its roots come from trees that don’t bear fruit well. In order to produce better fruit bearing trees, experts have turned to grafting. Having a good fruit tree is the first step to improving its fruit production by proper pruning techniques.
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Oftentimes, if you order by mail, you get a bare rooted tree. It is important to trim bare rooted trees before planting. Some trees are planted in pots and need no cutbacks when you transplant them. Cutbacks are necessary if a fruit tree has been dug from its original location.
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You can prune the top part of the tree together with its roots after you have gotten them. Cut away all roots that are broken or that have crooked edges. Healing is easier if this is done. All the roots must be on equal level with the surface. If a fruit tree does not have branches on its side, cut it back by a third. Thus, if you have a tree that is about six feet tall, you need to cutback two feet from its top. The cut should be done above the bud, and in a slanted way. Trim all branches that look withered, dead or broken, or too near the ground. As you have done to the top of the tree, cut all branches that remain by a third of its length. Look for the bud and cut the branches on its outer side in order for the new branches to grow outwardly and not toward the tree trunk. New trees need the special care described above. Soaking bare rooted trees for several hours when they arrive is crucial. Planting your new fruit tree in the right depth and using high quality soil is equally important. There are things you can do to your tree, like snipping and pinching, to save you the trouble later. Trimming and snipping buds helps the tree to mature into more productive tree when it becomes mature. All pruning done on the first year shapes the tree and keeps the branches limited. The fruit your tree produces at this time ripens better. Other trees demand more attention. You need not call the professionals once you master the art and science of tree pruning.