Devices that are used to prevent leakages by joining various mechanism are referred to as mechanical seals. Some of the techniques used by the mechanical seals to prevent leakages include holding pressure and eliminating contamination. The adhesion and compression of the mechanical seals are the main determinants of the competence of the mechanical seals. Before exploring how mechanical seals operates, It is very to understand other methods of forming a seal. One of the commonly used traditional seals is the Gland packing. The Gland packing is a made up of rope like material that is plaited and crammed around the shaft – physically padding the cavity between the shaft and the pump housing. There are numerous reasons as to why many households are preferring the mechanical seals over the Gland packing seals. One of the main reason as to why many people are switching over to mechanical pumps is due to the fact that the Gland packing seals requires pressing besides the shaft so as to lessen outflow, this implies that pump will require more power in order to turn the shaft hence wasting energy. On the other hand, the packing requires a large volume of water to cool the overheating shafts due to friction. Also, the friction of the rotating shafts results into wearing of the shafts in the long run thereby resulting in increased leakage. The packing owners find it very costly to repair the worn out shafts which are caused by the friction between the rotating shafts.
People have various reason as to why the use mechanical seals. Mechanical seals do leak vapor when the fluid reaches the atmospheric side of the seal faces, hence there is no visible leak. Additionally, in the mechanical seals, the cartridge seals does not destroy the shaft of the pump. The daily maintenance cost is lowered when using a mechanical seal since they have the ability of self-adjusting when their faces begin to wear due to friction. Additionally, the Apex sealing use less water compared to the traditional seals and also there is less corrosion of a plant equipment in the event that the product is contained in the pump. A type of mechanical seal that is used in rotating gear, such as thrusts, blenders, blowers, and compressors is known as an end face mechanical seal. In most case the fluid leak out of the pump between the rotating shaft and the stationary pump casing when the pump functions. The mechanical seal face geometry is considered to be the one of the most critical design elements within a mechanical seals. Some of the seal face properties include the balance diameter, the centroid setting, and the surface area. Additional seal properties consist of the surface finish, the drive mechanism, and the face topography.